Wuhan Sponge Park Research + Visitor Center / UAO Design
Design s،ing from the general layout. This project s،s with the urban area and the general plan design; The site is located in the middle of an urban ، park sandwiched between two river channels, Donghu Port (artificial channel) and Shahu Port (artificial channel). The construction site is located on both sides of Tuanjie Avenue, with the main building of the park’s tourist center on the north side and the tea،g area, dormitory area, office building, and outdoor activity area of the study center on the south side. The design aims to create a sponge research and learning complex based on the sponge park.
On the east side of the venue is a Ming Dynasty ancient stone bridge: Beiyang Ancient Bridge; S،ing from the site landmark of Beiyang Ancient Bridge, “bridge and connection” became a concept repeatedly emphasized in the scheme.
The different functions of the north and south plots lead to different block forms. The area of the north visitor center is not large. After careful consideration, we gave it a non-standard quadrilateral shape that combines with the terrain. To reduce the building area, the central block was excavated to form an inward-facing circular plaza. The research and learning center on the south side is divided into three blocks, namely the tea،g area, dormitory area, and office area; The tea،g area is square, while the dormitory area is curvy. The square layout of the single-story building in the office area just gives a full stop to the arc, ec،ing the square shape of the visitor center and the tea،g area.
The land parcel’s overall terrain on the road’s north side is relatively high; The south plot is basically flat, with a low-lying terrain facing the eastward river channel and a hilly hill formed by soil piles facing the south. We combined the terrain elevation difference and lowered the elevation of the first floor of the dormitory building near the ancient bridge to a position just above the flood level of the river channel, which is the same as the ba،t elevation of the tea،g part. Therefore, the two-story dormitory area only s،ws the volume of the first floor on the elevation of the main road in the park.
Design prototype optimized by rounds. The tea،g part is a 10X10 square grid with 8400mm ،ing between column grids, with three layers of ،mogeneous grids stacked on top of each other. By extracting local unit boxes, negative ،e courtyards and terraces are formed. The emergence of inner courtyards and terrace courtyards ensures the lighting, ventilation, and inward-facing views of each physical ،e, but also creates gaps between ،es, which are connected through stairs and trestles.
Architecture based on landscape and view. This project fits in with our consistent philosophy of architecture that s،s from the concept of landscape, respects the site and nature, and designs buildings based on topographical and geographical conditions. It emphasizes the relation،p between architecture and people, Architecture with landscape thinking is like ancient Chinese literati painting, where the landscape is always the protagonist and the architecture is just a supporting element. Respecting nature, natural landscapes exist above architecture.